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做托福聽力筆記有什么用

2013-08-19 18:08     供稿單位: 新航道    

出國英語考試有哪些 雅思6.5是什么水平 雅思閱讀評分標準 托福閱讀評分標準 雅思和托福的區別

  今天新航道托福頻道小編為大家整理了做托福聽力筆記有什么用,供大家參考,以下是詳細內容:

  一、新托福聽力的六大特點

  1. 聽力材料長度增加,每類文章的長度都在600字以上

  2. 總題目數量減少,老托福聽力題目為50道,新托福為34道3

  3. 聽力題型簡化為兩大類:長對話(2個),課堂講座(4個)

  4. 出現三種新的考試題目類型:表格題、重復題、多選題

  5. 聽完之后才可以看題目

  6. 考生可以做筆記

  IBT聽力考試主要考查的是考生理解文章主旨,從結構上把握全篇、并把握重要細節的能力。

  聽力考試中主要有6種題型:

  § Identifying topic and main idea主旨題;

  § Listening for details細節題;

  § Determining attitude and purpose態度題;

  § Making inference and predictions推斷題;

  § Categorizing information分類題;

  § Summarizing a process過程總結題;

  其中主旨題考察考生對全文總體內容的把握;態度題和推斷題基本均為復聽題,考察考生對于說話人語氣以及態度的理解;

  用得上記筆記的主要是細節題、分類題、過程總結題。根據筆者對于新托福試題的分析,新托福聽力當中的細節題很少考察細枝末節的內容,主要考察與主旨相關的細節信息。因此考生在聽錄音時的重點應是聽清主旨、把握結構、辨別演講人的態度、確定講話目的和動機等。

  我們推薦的做題順序是:

  1、主旨一般在錄音的最開始部分就會出現。因此對于錄音開始段的把握很重要;

  2、要聽清文章的組織信息的結構;是按照分類舉例,還是解釋一個過程,或者是將事物進行對比分析;

  3、根據對于文章結構的了解來決定記筆記的重點;

  § 如果文章結構為分類舉例,那么要記錄的重點信息為分類的依據、每個類別的名稱以及每個類別中列舉的例子;

  § 如果文章在解釋一個過程,那么要著重去聽一些表示階段的信號詞,并記錄每個階段的事件進展以及主要特征;

  § 如果文章在跟事物進行比較或對比,那么要記錄他們的相同點、不同點;

  4、結合對于全文大意的理解以及所做的筆記進行答題。

  二、IBT聽力做筆記技巧

  1. 確定記錄內核心話題

  IBT聽力正式開始之前會有一個簡短的內容介紹,之后屏幕上會出現一些和聽力內容相關的,這些可以幫助我們確定下面所要聽部分的核心話題。例如, listen to a conversation between a professor and student in a biology class.從這個介紹我們可以知道下面對話內容的場景:biology class,結下來會出現一個圖片,里面文字為:Friends of the Earth, Biology class.后面還會出現一個對話內容的圖片。通過這些文字和圖片,我們可以推斷這個對話的主題為與人類地球有關的一個結構,這樣機構主要會負責環保事宜。確定主題可以讓考生懸著的心慢慢落地。后面的長對話給出的文字和圖片提示與對話類似。

  2. 記錄細節

  確定核心話題之后,我們需要做的就是記錄與其相關的細節,主要的細節為what , when, where , who , why和 how等。注意記錄對話和演講中信息引導詞和信息引導句后面的信息,例如, First ..., let’s look at the ..., Now, Let’s move on to ..., in the nest part of lecture, I‘d like to talk about....

  3. 具體的記錄方法

  1)主要記錄實詞:名詞,動詞,形容詞。這次詞語所包含的信息量大,也是重讀和重復的核心詞匯。

  2)采用簡寫、符號和縮寫的速記法方法記錄,例如:Q.=question,ltd.=limited, +=and/plus , ?=question ,/=or。此外,還可以用一些其它只有自己熟悉的速記符號來記錄重要信息。

  當然,對這些原則的熟練把握離不開勤學苦練以及詞匯量的基礎。考生要想在新托福的聽力考試中取得理想的成績,需要具備較強的聽力理解能力和扎實的英語知識基礎。IBT聽力分數的提高需要廣大考生持續的努力和不斷總結!學會做筆記, IBT聽力滿分不是夢,大家可以參加小馬過河的聽力備考訓練營來進行每天的聽力備考。

  實例:

  下面,我以具體的例子來進行說明。注意,其中的符號是本人的個人習慣,各位考生可以根據自己的習慣創造適合于自己使用的符號,完全沒有必要拘泥于本文中所用符號。

  OG p157 Practice Set 1. Track01

  上方為聽力內容,下方為筆記,我把兩者對比起來寫,以便清楚地顯示出聽到什么內容改記下什么,怎么記。

  Narrator: listen to a conversation between a student and a professor.

  學生和教授之間的對話,因而在紙面的左右兩側分別寫上P(代表professor) 和S(student),之后,教授說的話寫左邊,學生說的話寫右邊。

  Student: Uh, excuse me, Professor Thompson. I know your office hours are tomorrow, but I was wondering if you had a few minutes free to discuss something.

  S: discuss sth.

  Professor: sure, john. What did you want to talk about?

  Student: well, I have some quick questions about how to write up the research project I did this semester- about climate variations.

  S: how 2 writ research—天氣變化(單詞拼寫不熟悉,所以可以用中文寫)

  Professor: Oh, yes. You were looking at variations in climate in the Grant City area, right? How far along have you gotten?

  雖然是教授說的,但是描述的是學生的項目,因此直接接著前面上文的climate variations(天氣變化)寫—— in grant city

  Student: I’ve got all my data, so I’m starting to summarize it now, preparing graphs and stuff. But I’m just…I’m looking it and I’m afraid that’s it’s not enough, but I’m not sure what else to put in the report. S: got all data, now summarize, not enough, what else put in

  Professor: I hear the same thing from every student. You know, you have to remember now that you’re the expert on what you’ve done. So, think about what you’d need to include if you were going to explain your research to someone with general or casual knowledge about the subject, like… like your parents. That’s usually my rule of thumb: would my parents understand this?

  P: remember u r expert ,What 2 include 2 explain 2 sb. general/ casual kwldge,—parents. Rule: understand? (用箭頭把parents指過來,沒有必要再寫一遍)

  Student: Ok, I get it.

  Professor: I hope you can recognize by my saying that how much you do know about the subject.

  P: recgnz how much u know

  Student: Right. I understand. I was wondering if I should also include the notes from the research journal you suggested I keep?

  S: ? include notes journal

  (向左的箭頭表示from); ? 表示是一個問句或者不確定的事。

  Professor: Yes, definitely. You should use them to indicate what your evolution in thought was through time. So, just set up, you know, what was the purpose of what you were doing-to try to understand the climate variability of this area – and what you did, and what you approach was.

  P: Yes. Use to indicate__ thought . set up purpose of ur doing, wt did, wt way

  (用__表示沒有聽清楚的單詞; 多次出現what, 為加快速度,用wt簡寫,approach拼寫復雜,用同義詞way代替)

  Student: Hmm…something just came into my mind and went out the other side.

  Professor: That happens to me a lot, so I’ve come up with a pretty good memory management tool. I carry a little pad with me all the time and jot down questions or ideas that I don’t want to forget. For example, I went to the doctor with my daughter and her baby son last week and we knew we wouldn’t remember everything we wanted to ask the doctor, so we actually made a list of five things we wanted answers to. P: carry a pad, jt down Q eg: see doctor, list Q. (用字母發音jt來記憶可能不認識的單詞jot;用Q表示question, 托福聽力中的舉例子一般是為說明其他事物服務的,所以只要知道這個例子的作用就可以,而沒有必要清楚細節,所以這里只要知道例子是see doctor, list Q.就可以了。

  Student: A notepad is a good idea. Sine I’m so busy now at the end of the semester, I’m going pretty forgetful these days. OK. I just remembered what I was trying to say before.

  S: good idea. Remembered

  Professor: Good. I was hoping you’d come up with it.

  Student: Yes. It ends up that I have data on more than just the immediate Grant City area, so I also included some regional data in the report. With everything else it should be a pretty good indicator of the climate in this part of the state.

  S: + include regional data (also, as well, and 可以用+表示)

  Professor: Sounds good. I’d be happy to look over a draft version before you hand in the final copy, if you wish.

  P: look over draft before final copy

  Student: Great. I’ll plan to get you a draft of the paper by next Friday. Thanks very much. well, see ya.

  S: give P by nxt Fri.

  這樣一來,幾乎所有的要點都已經落實到書面。做題目時,結合筆記和頭腦中的記憶,全部做對不是什么難事。

  以上就是新航道托福頻道為大家整理的做托福聽力筆記有什么用,希望對大家有幫助,更多資訊、資料請訪問新航道托福頻道 http://www.syzmcr.live/toefl/

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