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新托福聽力真題解析匯總

2013-07-11 17:21     供稿單位: 新航道    

出國英語考試有哪些 雅思6.5是什么水平 雅思閱讀評分標準 托福閱讀評分標準 雅思和托福的區別

  今天新航道托福頻道小編為大家整理了新托福聽力真題解析匯總,供大家參考,以下是詳細內容:

  分詞是TOEEL必考內容,在歷屆試題中均占相當大的比例。分詞的命題形式非常廣泛。平均分布在written Expressions 和structure兩部分。有時,即使分詞不是題目焦點,但對分詞的正確分析則可以幫助考生選擇正確的答案。分詞的命題要點集中在(1)分詞的形容詞特性、(2)分詞短語作后置定語、(3) 現在分詞和過去分詞的主動與被動含義。

  分詞常考題型及解題要點:

  1. 分詞具有形容詞特征,可單獨作定語或表語。

  全真例題分析

  (1) The highly respect zoologist Ernest Just Joined the ruling board of the Marine Biological Laboratory in the 1930*s (93.1)

  [答案] B 動詞respect用來修飾后面的名詞zoologist,故應改用分詞respected形式,其作用相當于形容詞作定語。

  (2) A patent gives inventors exclusive rights to their inventions for a fix period of time. (90.1)

  [答] C 修飾保詞period應用動詞的分詞形式,即fixed。

  (3) Characteristics of Op Art are the carefully arrange hues and geometric patterns that create optical illusions. (88.5)

  [答案] A 修飾名詞hues,應用分詞形式arranged。

  (4) The question of the origin of the Moon is interest not only in itself but also as a part of the larger genesis of the earth and the solar system . (88.5)

  [答案] B interest應用其分詞interesting形式作表語,作用相當于一個形空詞。

  2. 分詞短語作定語,放置于中心名詞后面

  解題要點 分詞短語作后置定語在TOEEL考題中出現頻率非常高。因而,考生務必熟記這一結構和用法。實際上,分詞短語作后置定語。皆是定語從句的省略形式。

  全真例題分析

  (1) The leaves and stems of the aifaifa plant are the only parts of the plant -------

  (A) the uses for livestock feed

  (B) for using livestock feed

  (C) used for livestock feed

  (D) they are used for livestock feed (93.1)

  [答案] C過去分詞used + 介語短語組成的分詞短語修飾前面的名詞成分the only parts of the plant,作后置定語。此結構亦擴展為定語從句(that are ) used for livestock feed

  (2) The slide rule used sliding scales with marks ------- numbers and their logarithms.

  (A) representing

  (B) represented

  (C) are represented

  (D) they are representing (92.10)

  [答案] A 分詞短語作名詞marks的后置定語,作用相當于一個定語從句:which represent numbers and their logarithms。

  (3) Earlg philosophers believe that the mind was divided into three faculties ------- s feeling ,intellect and will

  (A) to know

  (B) known

  (C) knowing

  (D) knew them (94.1)

  [答案] B分詞短語known as…說明前面的名詞three faculties。此結構可改寫成定語從句。Which are known as…

  (4) The bison know for the hump over its shoulders is usually called a buffalo in North America. (91.1)

  [答案] A 此句主語是The bison ,謂語是系詞is ,劃線A部分應當為分詞短語,修飾名詞The bison .A應改為known for。

  (5) Louisa May Alcott is chiefly remembered for Little Women. One of the most popular girls books ever wrote (88.5)

  [答案] D 修飾名詞books應用分詞生語ever written。

  3. 分詞短語作狀語

  解題要點 在句了意義非常清楚明確時,狀語從句通常可以簡略為分詞短語,但有一個先決條件。此分詞短語的邏輯主語應與句子的主語為同一人或物,此類分詞短語通常置于句首。

  全真例題分析

  (1) ------- as“the census taker of the sky”Annie Jump Cannon contributed considerably to the field of astronomy.

  (A) Known

  (B) Knowing

  (C) To known

  (D) Knowledge (92.5)

  [答案] A 分詞短語置于句首作表示身份的狀語。它的邏輯主語即是句子的主語Annie Jump Cannon.

  (2) ------- in 1635, the Boston Latin School is the oldest public school in the United States .

  (A) Founded

  (B) Founding

  (C) To found

  (D) Having founded (92.1)

  [答案] A 分詞短語表示時間,其邏輯主語即是句子主語The Boston Latin School.

  (3) ------- the constitution of the Cherokee Nation provided for a chief executive, a senate, and a house of representatives.

  (A) In 1827 they drafted

  (B) The draft in 1827

  (C) In 1872 was drafted

  (D) Drafted in 1827 (90.5)

  [答案] D分詞短語作狀語,表示時間。此結構可擴展為一狀語從句;where the constitution of the Cherokee Nation was drafted in 1827 it provided for a chief executive a senate, and a house of representatives.

  4. 現在分詞表達主動的概念;過去分詞表達被動的概念

  全真例題分析

  (1) Tudging to be the best boxer of his time, sugar Ray Robinson lost only 3 out of 137 fights (94.1)

  [答案] A 此分詞短語與其邏輯上的主語sugar Ray Robinson 是被動的關系(Sugar was judged to be…) 故應用過去詞Tudped to be.

  (2) During the Colonial days, the Iroquois had an agricultural economy basing mainly on corn with supplementary crops of pumpkins ,beans, and tobacco. (92.1)

  [答案] B通常我們說to be based on ,這個短語表示被動概念(基于,以…為基礎),所以應改用過去分詞based。

  (3) Per capita income is a nation*s entire income dividing by the number of people in the nation. (90.10)

  [答案] B根據句意及分詞dividing后面的介詞by,可以推斷這個分詞短語表達的是被動的概念,因此,應用過去分詞divided by。

  (4) Clementine Hunter*s primitive paintings have been exhibited at various galleries. Included one at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington. D.C. (93.1)

  [答案] D 分詞in cluded與其邏輯的主語paintings并無被動的關系,不應用過去分詞,應改為慣用現在分詞短語in cluding + 名詞賓語的結構。

  以上就是新航道托福頻道為大家整理的新托福聽力真題解析匯總,希望對大家有幫助,更多資訊、資料請訪問新航道托福頻道 http://www.syzmcr.live/toefl/

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