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5個萬能理由,教你回答托福獨立口語題

2019-01-03 10:08     供稿單位: 新航道    

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  萬能理由之一:

  Expand one's horizons

  作為萬能理由的第一條,expand one's horizons 絕對是不二之選。究其本意,單數的horizon 是“地平線、海平線”的意思,但復數的horizons 卻指人們的“眼界、視野”,其英文注釋為:The limit of your ideas, knowledge and experience. 略舉一例:World history is a course of study that will broaden your horizons.

  先看一個具體話題:

  Should the government help to build more museums and theaters?

  Yes, I think the government should help to build more recreational facilities.

  

  

  Enrich citizens' cultural life

  • expand young people's horizons

  • have a place to go for fun on weekends

  • art exhibitions can improve public taste

  再來看一個抽象話題:Describe the most important decision in your life. 面對此類抽象話題,最佳策略是將其具體化,變成一個日常生活話題,然后套用 我們的萬能理由。

 

  請看思路:

  I think I made the most important decision in my life by choosing to go to an overseas university after graduation from high school in China.

  而其中的一條主干理由就是:

  It would broaden my horizons. 比如: Broaden my horizons

  • made friends with people from different backgrounds

  • travelled a lot around Europe and North America

  • visited various museums and historical places

  作為主干理由的 broaden my horizons,之下又 made friends, travelled a lot, visited various museums 等三條分支理由,思路極易展開。

 

  萬能理由之二: Learn

  我們可以 learn skills, 也可以 learn lessons 或從某個experience 里面去learn,成為某種learning experience.

  很多情況下,knowledge 和 skills 是不分家的:比如Which of the following has more influence on you: newspaper, TV or teacher? 媒體類的newspaper 或TV 固然好講,但teacher 無疑是最佳的選擇,因為teacher 直接跟learning 掛鉤:

 

  Teachers have more influence on me.

  Pass on me knowledge and skills:

  • attending class is the only effective way of learning

  • knowledge not found in textbooks can be acquired

  • learn practical skills in addition to academic knowledge

  類似的解題思路還體現在:

  People who attend college will be more successful in career than those who don't.

 

  顯然,這是必須同意的命題:

  Yes, it is generally true that attending college can increase the chance of career success.

  Learn a lot of vital skills and gain knowledge:

  • academic knowledge helps to lay a solid foundation

  • reading and writing skills are vital to career success

  • having good presentation skills ensures promotion

  三條分支理由中比較好的表達有:

  lay a solid foundation, be vital to career success, ensure promotion. 分支理由越詳細越好。Learn 作為萬能理由我們可以正反面的充分論述觀點,十分實用的論點。

 

  萬能理由之三:

  Money, finance & economy

  很多話題都可以從經濟的角度入手來回答。先來一道經典例題:The most important decision in your life.

 

  思路如下:

  Going to an overseas university

  Achieve my independence

  • started to live on my own

  • learned a lot of practical skills such as cooking

  • became financially independent through a part-time job

  如果我們選擇 going to an overseas university作為答案, 其中的一條主干理由就是 achieve my independence, 而在所有的independence 之中,financial independence 無疑是最直接、最現成、最有說服力的一種。簡單說,就是通過在國外打工,earn money and make a living.

  有些題目屬于一眼就看穿思路的,如:Living alone vs. sharing rooms with other people.

 

  Sharing rooms with other people is a better choice.

  Sharing rooms is more affordable:

  • rental fee is relatively high for an average student

  • sharing rooms can ease their financial burden

  • other living expenses can also be shared

  在這個回答中,我們可以學習到很多跟錢相關的表達方式:affordable, rental fee, ease financial burden. 說穿了就是save money, reduce costs 的意思。

 

  萬能理由之四:

  Relax, enjoy & have fun!

  第四條萬能理由,主要是跟“快樂”、“幸福”、“休閑”、“放松”有關,關鍵詞除了標題中的relax, enjoy, have fun 之外,還有happy, pleasure, joy, satisfaction, recreation等等。

  中國考生比較容易忽視這個理由,可能是與我們平時缺乏“快樂教育”有關,但在西方人眼里,沒什么東西比快樂更重要的了。因此,如果我們在口語拓展中經常運用這一“快樂”思路,就跟英文思維不謀而合啦!

  我們從一道簡單的題目開始:What do you do in your spare time?

 

  業余時間當然是快樂時光咯,請看詳細的答題思路,如下:

  Well, I'd like to do various sports and recreational activities in my spare time.

  I enjoy a lot of sports:

  • doing sports regularly is good for my health

  • sports games such as basketball are fun

  • I can make a lot of new friends this way

  Recreation is important for me:

  • outdoor activities such as hiking are very relaxing

  • I can have a better balance between work and leisure

  • it is one of the best ways to improve my quality of life

  If you have a chance to choose your job freely, what kind of job will you choose? 我們選擇一個job satisfaction 比較高的職業吧:

  I will choose a teaching job, probably teaching in a university.

  Teaching gives me a lot of satisfaction:

  • sharing knowledge with students is very enjoyable

  • happy to see students grow academically and personally

  • students often express their gratitude

 

  萬能理由之五:

  Let's get emotional …

  從同義詞和詞性延伸的角度來說,我們還可以用feeling, mood, emotional 等關鍵詞進行替換,而如果構成詞組,則一般會用emotional support, emotional need, emotional bond, emotional problems 等。

  其實生活、工作、學習中的很多問題都跟emotion有直接或間接的關系,如果我們把這些理由點挖掘出來,可以形成一個強大的答題體系。而其中最基本的一個維度是把所有的emotion 分成positive 和negative 兩大類。舉個簡單的例子,pride, enthusiasm, calmness是積極情感,而loneliness, isolation, depression則為消極情感。

  先看一個積極情緒:Describe a social celebration or political event in your culture.

 

  National Holiday celebrations

  A time to celebrate across the country:

  • there are parties, fireworks shows and gala performances

  • the purpose is to celebrate the birth of a new country

  • nationwide celebrations boost our national pride

  該回答選擇了National Holiday( 國慶) 作為話題,通過celebrations來boost our nationalpride,而該思路還可以運用在international sports competitions 中:某國的運動員獲勝了,該國民眾的national pride 就提升了。

  相比之下,消極情緒會占的比例更多:Do you prefer to live alone or share rooms with other people?

 

  Sharing rooms with other people is a better choice.

  Having a roommate is fun:

  • share personal stories and secrets

  • a good companion can relieve loneliness

  • a great opportunity to develop interpersonal skills

  毫無疑問,上題中的loneliness 都是典型的負面情緒,也是很好的拓展思路。

 

 

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