您好,歡迎訪問新航道官網雅思頻道!我們更懂雅思!

在線咨詢

雅思 (IELTS)

雅思官方白金級合作伙伴

2019新航道暑假班,越敢拼,越幸運!

您當前的位置 ? 新航道官網 ? 雅思 ? 雅思寫作 ? 文章正文

6月22日雅思大作文真題參考范文

2019-06-24 18:18     供稿單位: 新航道    

出國英語考試有哪些 雅思6.5是什么水平 雅思閱讀評分標準 托福閱讀評分標準 雅思和托福的區別

  每場雅思考試之后,第一時間分享本場考試雅思A類大作文的范文權威解析。歡迎每周鎖定。

  


  2019年6月22日雅思大作文題目

  私家車對個人的好處及對環境的壞處?

  “More and more people buy and use their own car. Do you think the advantages of this trend for individuals outweigh its disadvantages for environment?”

 

  解析&審題

  本題為雅思考試經典舊題,2016年9月15日和2018年2月24日都出現過,基本上是過一年半就出現一次。

  本文提出的現象是“越來越多的人購買和使用自己的車”,這是一個相當模糊的表達,我們完全可以在文章的開頭通過描寫來把這個表達具體化:比如,現在到底有多少車?這種開頭法將讓你的作文顯得生動,與眾不同,容易給考官留下好的第一印象。

  我們先來看一個數據:2004年中國汽車保有量是2400萬輛,到2015年,這個數據已經達到1.37億!也就是說,僅僅10年時間,活躍在中國大街小巷的汽車增加了500%!而這增加的車輛,多數都是私家車。的確,近些年中國的汽車行業發展太快了,以至于很多人對此都有意見。那么,本次雅思考題正是針對這樣的一個問題。有了這個知識背景,我們就可以這樣來開頭:

  Just 50 years ago, to own a car was quite a luxury, but today, cars have found their way into many households. Statistics show in China alone, there are over 140 million cars running on road every day. While cars have brought about conveniences to their users, they have imposed great pressure on the environment.

  可能有的同學說,我不知道現在中國到底有多少汽車,怎么辦?對這個問題,我的回答是,雅思寫作不是科技論文,并不需要數據有多么準確,只要大體沒有在人們的常識范圍外就可以了,雅思考大家的還是語言表達能力。

  接下來,我們要注意題目中規定我們要論證的東西:私家車對個人的好處以及對環境的壞處。對個人的好處方面,無非就是汽車給我們帶來了方便,想什么時候出發就出發,完全不用看公共交通的臉色,此外,自己開車當然也讓我們更舒適,不用在熙熙攘攘的各色人群中擠來擠去。這些是買私家車的好處。

  但是,那么多人開私家車,我們又不得不考慮它們對環境的消極影響。比如很多專家都指出,北京的霧霾(其實不只是北京,全世界稍微大點的城市,哪個沒有霧霾?只是北京霧霾太嚴重,于是成了眾人譏諷的城市,這有點不公平,大家都是五十步笑百步),很大程度上就是由于這個城市的車太多引起的。車一發動,灰塵(dust)揚起,尾氣(exhaust gas)外噴,的確容易污染空氣。

  討論完私家車對個人的好處以及對環境的壞處后,我們的觀點應該是什么呢?這里就沒有所謂正確答案了。

  你可以說自由和方便高于一切,可以開發新的科技來解決由此引起的環境問題;你也可以說環境高于一切,出行的方便可以通過改進公交系統來解決;你還可以說,自由方便和環境都很重要,但呼吁盡量減少用車時間,共同維護美好環境,等等。

  唐老師想提醒大家,其實本題還是隱藏了一個陷阱的。很多同學一看到“汽車”話題太過于開心,于是忘記了仔細審題:本題要求比較的是汽車對個人的好處以及對環境的壞處。因此,在討論汽車的好處時一定要聚焦“汽車對個人的好處”,比如汽車給我們出行帶來的便捷,如果討論汽車如何增加政府的收入,則屬于偏題;在討論汽車的壞處時一定要聚焦“汽車給環境帶來的壓力”,比如空氣污染,噪音污染等,如果討論開車耗費我們很多金錢,則屬于偏題。因此,建議烤鴨們在考場上一定要靜下心來,仔細審題后再作答。

  老師筆記

  01

  Just 50 years ago, to own a car was quite a luxury, but today, cars have found their way into many households. Statistics show in China alone, there are over 140 million cars running on road every day. While cars have brought about conveniences to their users, they have imposed great pressure on the environment.

  僅僅在50年前,擁有一輛汽車還是一件相當奢華的事情,但今天,汽車已經走進很多家庭了。數據顯示,僅在中國,每天就有超過1.4億輛車在路上奔跑。雖然汽車給使用者帶來了諸多便利,但它們也給環境造成巨大壓力。

  解析

  (1)本段用比較方法引出話題,然后用數據補充,最后重述題目觀點。這種做法可以讓第一段顯得生動活潑。如果千篇一律地使用如下開頭,則會使文章沒有生機:

  A. With the development of the society, more and more people buy and use their own car.

  B. When it comes to the car ownership and use, many people think they are good to the individuals but very bad to the environment.

  這兩種典型的作文開頭法雖然可以萬能,但正因為其萬能,就顯得沒有任何個性,而顯示出作者的個性,是作文得到高分的必需。引用數據或者通過比較來引入話題,就顯得更為獨特。

  (2)luxury 奢華

  (3)find one’s way to/into... 進入到...... (比簡單的enter顯得更為地道,生動!)

  (4)in China alone...僅僅在中國 (這里的alone與孤獨沒有任何關系,表示“僅僅”)

  (5)impose pressure on... 給......施加了壓力


  02

  Modern city life has made the car an indispensable means of transport. Though most cities today have fairly advanced transportation systems like the bus and metro, they tend to be extremely crowded, especially in rush hours. This means people might come to their office late or miss some important appointments. If they drive their own car, however, these problems may well be avoided. At the same time, when people plan to take their family for a trip out of town, they may also enjoy the flexibility of when to start off and when to return, rather than spending time waiting for the bus to arrive.

  現代的城市生活已經讓汽車成為一種不可或缺的交通工具。雖然現在絕大多數城市都有相當發達的交通系統,比如公共汽車和地鐵,但它們也容易變得非常擁擠,尤其是在上下班高峰期。這就意味著人們可能上班遲到,或者錯過一些重要的約會。如果他們開自己的車,這些問題就可得到避免。同時,當人們計劃帶家人出城游玩時,他們也享有何時出發何時回來的靈活性,而不是花時間等待公交車到來。

  解析

  (1)本段論證汽車給人們生活帶來的便利:第一是公交或地鐵太擁擠,可能因此上班遲到;第二是全家出去旅游時更靈活。

  (2)indispensable 不可或缺的

  (3)means of transport / transportation 交通運輸工具

  (4)rush hours (上下班)高峰期

  (5)flexibility 靈活性

  03

  However, the increased use of cars has caused serious consequences for our environment. Many experts, for instance, attribute the worsening air quality in big cities to the cars’ exhaust gas emission and the dust that rises after them. This accusation is perhaps well-grounded if we make a little comparison between the air quality 50 years ago and that now. In addition, cars also make unbearable noises, which is a headache to all city dwellers. Just imagine a time you are shocked awake from your cozy dream by the sharp braking screech of a car passing by your house!

  然而,汽車使用越來越多,已經給環境帶來了嚴重的后果。比如,許多專家將大城市日益惡化的空氣質量歸咎于汽車的尾氣釋放以及汽車后面揚起的塵土。如果我們把50年前的空氣質量和現在的空氣質量稍微比較一下,(我們就會發現)這種指責也許是有依據的。此外,汽車還制造令人難以忍受的噪音,這令所有城市居民感到頭疼。想一想吧,某次你被經過你家房子的汽車的尖利剎車聲從美夢中驚醒!

  解析

  (1)本段討論汽車對環境的影響,一是造成了空氣質量下降,二是造成了很多噪音。本段最后一句也是一個個性表達的范例!

  (2)consequences 后果

  (3)attribute...to... 將......歸因于......

  (4)exhaust gas emission 尾氣釋放

  (5)well-grounded 有依據的

  (6)city dweller 城市居民

  (7)screech 尖叫聲


  04

  In my view, it is unrealistic for the government to put a ban on the car ownership or use since the cars have been so important in our daily life, yet we cannot ignore the negative effects they have on the environment. To get out of this dilemma, to my mind, there are two options, the first being to develop car technology and produce cars that burn less fuel and the second, encourage the car owners to use public transportation whenever possible.

  我認為,政府禁止擁有或使用汽車是不現實的,因為汽車在我們的日常生活中已經如此重要,但是我們也不能忽視汽車給環境帶來的負面影響。我覺得,為了走出這個困境,我們有兩個選擇,其一,發展汽車科技,制造出較少耗費燃料的汽車,其二,鼓勵汽車擁有者們盡可能使用公共交通。

  解析

  (1)本段表達自己的觀點,提出汽車和環境都需要,并因此提出了兩個選擇方案:一是設計耗油少的汽車,二是鼓勵大家盡量選坐公共交通。

  (2)Unrealistic 不現實的

  (3)ignore 忽視

  (4)Dilemma 困境

  (5)Option 選擇

  (6)...there are two options, the first being to develop car technology... 該句后半部分是獨立主格結構,因此用being,而不能用is。在有把握的前提下,偶爾使用一下這種高端句型,有可能給考官留下好印象。如果沒有把握,就要老老實實地寫:...there are two options. The first one is to develop car technology...


  7分范文

  Just 50 years ago, to own a car was quite a luxury, but today, cars have found their way into many households. Statistics show in China alone, there are over 140 million cars running on road every day. While cars have brought about conveniences to their users, they have imposed great pressure on the environment.

  Modern city life has made the car an indispensable means of transport. Though most cities today have fairly advanced transportation systems like the bus and metro, they tend to be extremely crowded, especially in rush hours. This means people might come to their office late or miss some important appointments. If they drive their own car, however, these problems may well be avoided. At the same time, when people plan to take their family for a trip out of town, they may also enjoy the flexibility of when to start off and when to return, rather than spending time waiting for the bus to arrive.

  However, the increased use of cars has caused serious consequences for our environment. Many experts, for instance, attribute the worsening air quality in big cities to the cars’ exhaust gas emission and the dust that rises after them. This accusation is perhaps well-grounded if we make a little comparison between the air quality 50 years ago and that now. In addition, cars also make unbearable noises, which is a headache to all city dwellers. Just imagine a time you are shocked awake from your cozy dream by the sharp braking screech of a car passing by your house!

  In my view, it is unrealistic for the government to put a ban on the car ownership or use since the cars have been so important in our daily life, yet we cannot overlook the negative effects they have on the environment. To get out of this dilemma, to my mind, there are two options, the first being to develop car technology and produce cars that burn less fuel and the second, encourage the car owners to use public transportation whenever possible.

  (341 words)


  建議背誦的句子

  1. ust 50 years ago, to own a car was quite a luxury, but today, cars have found their way into many households. Statistics show in China alone, there are over 140 million cars running on road every day.

  僅僅在50年前,擁有一輛汽車還是一件相當奢華的事情,但今天,汽車已經走進很多家庭了。數據顯示,僅在中國,每天就有超過1.4億輛車在路上奔跑。

  2. Though most cities today have fairly advanced transportation systems like the bus and metro, they tend to be extremely crowded, especially in rush hours.

  雖然現在絕大多數城市都有相當發達的交通系統,比如公共汽車和地鐵,但它們也容易變得非常擁擠,尤其是在上下班高峰期。

  3. At the same time, when people plan to take their family for a trip out of town, they may also enjoy the flexibility of when to start off and when to return, rather than spending time waiting for the bus to arrive.

  同時,當人們計劃帶家人出城游玩時,他們也享有何時出發何時回來的靈活性,而不是花時間等待公交車到來。

  4. Many experts, for instance, attribute the worsening air quality in big cities to the cars’ exhaust gas emission and the dust that rises after them.

  比如,許多專家將大城市日益惡化的空氣質量歸咎于汽車的尾氣釋放以及汽車后面揚起的塵土。

  5. In my view, it is unrealistic for the government to put a ban on the car ownership or use since the cars have been so important in our daily life, yet we cannot ignore the negative effects they have on the environment. To get out of this dilemma, to my mind, there are two options, the first being to develop car technology and produce cars that burn less fuel and the second, encourage the car owners to use public transportation whenever possible.

  我認為,政府禁止擁有或使用汽車是不現實的,因為汽車在我們的日常生活中已經如此重要,但是我們也不能忽視汽車給環境帶來的負面影響。我覺得,為了走出這個困境,我們有兩個選擇,其一,發展汽車科技,制造出較少耗費燃料的汽車,其二,鼓勵汽車擁有者們盡可能使用公共交通。


更多雅思考試干貨敬請關注新航道雅思考試頻道



下載新航道APP,屠鴨快一步


kjkn.jpg


分享到:
新航道,英語成功之道。第一時間獲取新航道英語學習資料和新鮮資訊,請在微信公眾賬號中搜索「新航道英語」或者「xhdenglish」,或用手機掃描左方二維碼,即可獲得新航道每日精華內容推送和最新英語學習經驗分享,并參與新航道舉辦的各項活動。
責編:梁曦丹
内蒙古11选5走势图5 双色球玩法中奖规则 扑克当麻将玩法 黑龙江十一选五基本走势图 18年过年大街卖什么最赚钱 开心农场赚钱 河南11选5开奖结果走势图 大乐透推算公式 福建十一选五app 黑龙江快乐10分平台 重庆快乐十分有官方吗 eos摇骰子稳赚 重庆时时组六免费计划 重庆快乐10分任五遗漏 秒速时时官方 富易堂捕鱼王下载 哪里可以买台湾时时彩